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phoba ... [img]https://pp.vk.me/c629508/v629508642/49ce6/DDb9zNpF9jM.jpg[/img] "" . , ...
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2004 .  


, . (). 1500 / (68 % .) .

. , , :

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.

.


30 .

( ) , () .

- . , .


, . .

. 1 , , , (, μ). :

H2SO4=2H++SO42-, H++H2O=H3O+. (1)

. . . SO42- (μ=96 /) 2 (μ=18 /) . . 3+ (μ=19 /) (μ=18 /) , . [1], , . , , , SO42- , , .

H3O+ , .

.

φ+=0 [8]:

23++2=2+22, 22+2=2+2- (2)

SO42-, φ-, :

SO42-+H2O=H2SO4+O-. (3)

, φ-=-1.228 [8]. ( ):

2-- 2=2. (4)

, , - SO42-.

, , .

(1-4) .

.

[ 2,3], :

ΔΝ=ΔG+T dS, (5)

Q=T ΔS (ΔS- )

ΔG - ( ).

, (t=20, =0.1 ) [2,3]:

ΔHo=285 /, ΔG=237.2 /, Q=48.6 / (6)
.

, , , [4, 5].

, , . . (. . 2).

. 2.

. 2.

, , , (. 3), - α=104.5.

, . , .

, , , [5] .

[5] , .

, , ( ) . 2 , 150 / , . ΔHo, ΔG Q, .

.

, , .

, , ( ) , , , () .

( ) [ 9] :

1. (r=R, V-Vpom):

U/t=(W× Ñ )U=-grad +D (a × U+b ×W),

W/t +(U×Ñ)W=-grad+D(a× W+b×U),

V- , H- , U=V+H/(4× p × r )0.5, W=V-H/(4× p × r )0.5, =P/r +(U-W)2/8, - , r - , n, n m- , a =(n+nm)/2, b=(n-n m)/2.

2. :

divU=0, divW=0.

3. :

rotE=0.

4. , ( (1,3)) [2]:

dCa/dτ=v(Co.a-Ca)/V-ra,

Ca- (/3),

v- , V- ,

ra- ,

.- , .

- . ( , ..) [2], .

5. :

yk=f(x1,x2,.xn,T),

yk- (, , () ), xi- , ( , , ), .

, .

.

Nd :
Na;
Np;
Ngd , , (. . 1) ..;
Nom (. . 1);
Nk, ;
Nw.

, Nwe, :

Nw=Nd Na-Np-Ngd-Nom-Nk.

Nq=Nwe× Q/DHo (. (6)).

, , :

Nw=Nwe+Nq.

Nw Nd:

h=Nwּ /Nd

.

, .


, .

-2 [11], . Zn+H2SO4=H2+ZnSO4 -2 112 5 5. Vo=0.02 % . -2 V=0.15 % ., .

12-18.02.2004 . 60 ( 4 /), 40 . :

1. ( 4 /) , , .

2. - n=10001500 / . 1500 / -2 V=68 % . .

3. 500 / V0=0.020.1 % .; 1500 / V=68 % ..

1500 / 20 t=17 t=40 .


  1. , . ( 4 /) , , . n=1000 /.
    1500 / -2 68 .%.
  2. . , . ( ) . , , :
    - ( 2 );
    - , ;
    - .
    .
  3. , , , , , . :
    - ;
    - ;
    - ;
    - , .
  4. , ; , , ..
  5. , .
  6. ( ) , .
  7. 2224051 20.02.2004 ..
  8. , , .

  1. .., .. , 2, . ., 1952, 616 .
  2. .., ., .. . . . , ., ,2001,219 .
  3. .., .., .. , 1984,10.
  4. .. , , , , 1995,
  5. .. - , , 2000, 155,
  6. .. , 1974, 167 ,
  7. .., .. , ., , 1971, 939 .
  8. Economics of Non- conventional Hydrogen Production. The Center for Electrochemical Systems and Hydrogen Research, 2002, Engineer, tamh, edutces/ceshr/center.
  9. -2, є, , , ., 2003.


: 28.10.2004 : 53944

- ( )
-
- US 4.936.961 : .
- US 4.936.961 : .
- US 4.394.830 : Method and apparatus for splitting water molecules
- .
-
- RU 2003104497 : ( .)
-

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, .

| | | | | | | | | | |

: 2.154 . 12 0.014 .
2006 www.skif.biz

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