[]
| | | | | | | | | | | |
...

  |
  |
  |
  |
  |
  | ()
  |
  |
  |

  |
  |
  | -
  | /UFO


.


  |
  | -

  |
  |




...

...

bazarov ... .
>>>

-

.

1880 . , . 1890 . , " ."

, , , , .

, , " ." . , .

, , "" , . 1880 . .
1890's , , 1901 . New York Times 1902 . , , , .
. , . , " " , .


Brooklyn Eagle 10 1931 ., " () ". , : " 25 , , ". 1933 New York American, 1 " ". :
" , , , ".
" 25 " 1933 . , , , 1908 . (Columbia University Library's collection). 10 1902 . Robert U. Johnson, Century Magazine, New York Herald Clemente Figueras " " Las Palmas - , . Figueras , , , .


, " " 685,957, 21 1901. . , . . .

2084 bytes

, , , , , . , , , , . .. , , , , .

, , 1900 . , , , ; , . " - " Robert Johnson The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine 1900 , , Colorado Springs, 1899, 1900.
, , .

" - "" , , , , - ".

, , , , . . , , , , . , , , , . , . " , , , , , , " ".

, . , 1883 ., , . 1889, .


, , , , , "".
- - #1,061,206 1909 1913. , , . , , - .
" ". , , "" , 1889. .

4302 bytes

"" . , , , , - , . , .

The Electrical Engineer 1891, " -". , , , , , ", , "(4). , , , " "(5). 1889. , - , .


.

farad.gif (2816 bytes)

, , , , , . Walter M. Elsasser Scientific American ( 1958) ", -."

Elsasser , . , , , .
Elsasser , " , - , , []." , " ". .
, , . , , , : , , . , (6).
, , , , . , , .


dinamo

. -, , , , , . -, .

"", , " , . , , , . , , , .
, - . . , .

, - . - , , , , , , . , , , , .

, , ., , .

, , . . , , , . , , , . , , , - .

, . , , , , . , , , . , , . , , , . , , , , . , , .

Elsasser's , . , , , , . , , .

, "" , - , - , , , . , , , .

, , . , 1900 . Century magazine .

, , . , , . , , , . , , , , . "" , " " (8).

, , . , . "" , , , -, , . , , , . " : , ".

, , , . : ", , , " (9). , , , , .

, , , . (10).

, , - , " , , , ( ), , " (11).

, " - , c (12)". " ", , . , . , 1893. , 1900 ., : " , (13)".

2847 bytes

, 1893 , . " " N 512,340. , , , .

, (14). - , () , (15). 6, , , . , .

3282 bytes

Century , , , . , Dr. Karl Linde , "" . : " , , , ".

Linde , , , . Linde , , (17). .

3984 bytes

, . , 200 . , , . , , , . , .

; 60 , - - 360,000 . , , . , , .

90,000 . 360,000 0,25 (=/) (18). , (E = 1/2CV2) , , 1.6 x 1011 4.5 - .

, - " " " ". , .

" " , ; ( ) , . , -, . .

, . "" (19).

. . , "" .

, - " ", , "" - .

. "" "" , . (, ) , , , "" .

- , , , , , , . , .

.

- . , . , ( = ). , , , .

, , , . - . . , , :

, - , , (20, 21).

1880-. 1890- , Westinghouse General Electric, . 10- , - .

, - , , . Century, :

" , , , , " (22).

, 1933, . 2 " "" ". ? : " ". , , .

, . , . " " .


References

  1. Nikola Tesla, U.S. Patent #685,957, "Apparatus for the Utilization of Radiant Energy," reproduced in Nikola Tesla: Lectures * Patents * Articles (hereafter LPA), Tesla Museum, Beograd, 1956, reprinted by Health Research, Mokelumne Hill, CA., p. P-344, 1973.
  2. Nikola Tesla, "The Problem of Increasing Human Energy - Through Use of the Sun's Energy," The Century Illustrated Magazine, reprinted in LPA, p. A-140.
  3. Reference 2, p. A-142.
  4. Nikola Tesla, "Notes on a Unipolar Generator," The Electrical Engineer," N.Y., Sept. 2, 1891, reprinted in LPA, p.A-24.
  5. Reference 4, p. A-26.
  6. W.M. Elsasser, "The Earth as a Dynamo," Scientific American, p. 44-48, May 1958.
  7. Reference 4, p. A-23.
  8. Reference 2, p. A-140.
  9. Reference 2, p. A-141.
  10. Reference 2, p. A-141.
  11. Reference 2, p. A-141.
  12. Reference 2, p. A-142.
  13. Reference 2, p. A-142.
  14. Nikola Tesla, U.S. Patent #512,340, "Coil for Electro-Magnets," reprinted in LPA, pp. P-428-429. He explains that a standard coil of 1000 turns with a potential of 100 volts across it will have a difference of .1 volt between turns. A similar bifilar coil will have a potential of 50 volts between turns. In that the stored energy is a function of the square of the voltages the energy in the bifilar will be 502/0.12 = 2500/0.01 = 250,000 times greater than the standard coil.
    Nikola Tesla, #512,340, " ," LPA, pp. P-428-429. , 1000 100 0.1 . 50 . - , 502/0.12 = 2500/0.01 = 250,000 , .
  15. Measurements were made by M. King and O. Nichelson at Eyring, Inc., with a HP 3577A network analyzer on 3 inch diameter coils with 43 turns each of number 20 wire.
  16. Reference 2, p. A-143.
  17. Carl Linde, "Process and Apparatus for Attaining Lowest Temperatures for Liquefying Gases, and for Mechanically Separating Gas Mixtures," The Engineer, pp. 485-6, Nov. 13, 1896 and p. 509, Nov. 20, 1896.
  18. "The Amateur Scientist," Scientific American, p. 160, May 1957.
  19. This resembles the electrostatic oscillator in Tesla's wireless transmission system: Oliver Nichelson, "The Underwater Communication System of Nikola Tesla," 1991.
  20. Michael Pupin, From Immigrant to Inventor, Charles Scribner's Sons, N.Y., pp. 285-286, 1930.
  21. Reference 2, p. A-143.
  22. For others who followed Tesla with inventions to extract energy from the ambient medium see: Christopher Bird and Oliver Nichelson, "Nikola Tesla: Great Scientist, Forgotten Genius," New Age, p. 36 ff, Feb. 1977.


: 28.10.2004 : 108956

- (MRA)
-
- -
-
-
-
- ( )
- US 4.151.431 : Permanent magnet motor ( )
-
- -

[ | | ]
, .
igelstein - 04 Oct 2011 (10:08)
- ( ) , , . "" , , , . . . smile - ( ), - , . Vlad09: ?
Dgeims - 31 Aug 2011 (01:36)
1.6 x 1011 4.5 - ))!!
Vlad09 - 09 Mar 2009 (01:34)
! ! !smile

| | | | | | | | | | | |

: 2.099 . 12 0.030 .
2006 www.skif.biz

x^}ksו*SRc HKXv2TJMH0(I?[x*c'S_RA@Ӓx zroƤ@tsُgߺObVkEsUf?;__{&3BPZW LZn\fܹ3)W=}bh5uef̟V\̝q̌^KZyrY(ҌݨsnDGv>NԎ:^9ǿ٨'1Gf-3] yLPuc4f\XZF_r̗j\ sw K;T.0YwZ87rW8Riba\Xs1Rׯ,z꽵Ջm.֮ٚoWVKko榫o+n__ ҝ/&&酋cO]V˅krcf'c>n͚Ni۝in/jAԉZQĦF~%?6#G{eN>wFMjMӮv\?j^ n~xuycXvdv潨m׉ǽGد%*Ls=ݨtnVoF.%l``|s0"w10~mof[k*Nш^m^wwǽ1h81.}.fN^a0{vqfVqGf%nQe /X==bfízQ'sl݃衬X+Ż5<;vjDVuT^uDbJňň'#i | .P}gp_+#*1rB"F+xJ "1bD<BX֟o$ p˚Xt]FGUC~ʣ朙 lDOs;_67W0s׿6?e\*llVV6tzbis:4b޽73166>6߇uXu=.w77Mϛ_O_K5b9WW!5.aiY^c܆kߞuWH=g]yu5zpME |}q;547 ]kwf7{D0Vo8 x7c.b]rŝ:JB1-ƵiS8ķx&wY'ގaBc1Ip8n|V^$3rЉ{uGQc'w=au$ܭ=9v&Yߴ{Nվ8/o ˧c F.a )xډ~ < QhjQ`j5 jGNToC{!蛩g)&ۗOV|}շA}\?{QHO- Dni';K ?0N睨R'H,Z]VSk6z5}a/;0q[oq(`6[vs>9ho.VPTn82s?ԱN|oSWt_419Ms܋D}Ia*$=}U4y$5 ɺ@WKKK< kJuu.ȍy`Gya@S)?sjTίuŐ B z+`4J\cmtrK+ k)TO]feY*hn^3|Qw9mlv>"cލ,9 4h"mA=Ϯ|+?;oF#.,0uΛ +7%'o7l_H':R_/R.VSe{Kef7o:gbR ^}1t+֙ox0dI1H)tm/]p潰ƃ:[%LVѾE"z;]S$ zq(OzxuV#[U*p pU` @%cYٟpC+v^ G.V( tbR:+ z=X*3v1r{샷!^y@ 3ڙjD0rZ|0ج.#p1QbluնrQ$Ku%`7rcL?}G\Apӟfa֍ 7}qj8_ J[#;*Hiityp0VF+oʛ+'GSG%%r)Y* t9(^%_ eKSHiO K)KvZT%oK"V:\e^yp.#WD[.܈3>5pqe΀OM˳ 3%1rZiq8KhQaN6D~g|>712-'<99 /f!|t[pl&A@Rn3' !0Yt?\0/ɐܭU"e)91i &\5OL"ՄgRNrg!NT..`ꏒ>20%7p? k)In<:> J_+j?.H_ Ix덦mZ@R,4oR968rJ s޸F31IE mus6SSy_^!<ΏW'x@hA{-s`sccdR6stsX@d/ \06uq|||l:Ͱg c"\rJ$7ȍ\A nǧk͌]>xU۱C|̅ɋS/LϜ g?9IҏꌗM]Ĥѽ/5|y_ ʦ`%F .vDuLjC =P8Xw&9-[z*`4'_=&YD2C6"Y@J(iDOOX2n7yLA&锎n Bcz[‹CEMִm% r"vBluk7 <1@p4e|5@0Bp18}|.)}|c0!.;¼Ƨr^LF {JȷA1}‚Blwnfmn+v GߏR uH!"1xi p1G-;f8"YqӉF߃R;nG1V"p.S5u"+5~VrQ|Y.4k@T-u#oN& :SQ#g#~+L^Ԧ\ p!Y߇j[ۍJS*Ӆ _-7 y:qe[B9_ނyNZT |D6Z:&%m,ۥ@݌ze2w$qWm@^˯ ֛?Xfmhq+k@Kz\Ujih^-l/4ڰ l9;EuI`=|q ?F?ڵ`[1dgY㯰ufNX\4nGM7,tޚ1L=ɈU=vd8hVYةE0l16.2vAi|x/nwU5H(lEu֝a9C.-$=| "4Nz ӭɧ1>[H;Ivd5ߍŴ9حE-ƯK :nu"?kI?(F: \CSn59]B:P>ܐ;b |\LAi㽣}h.tl7gɃyZkZ"5Ig7t]n?ڇ?tԍ)(j/ncIxuO}+ ;P8cj8W1yvG5x#N!%pܺtrMG wN'/.ut~ƍׯ)\2f.pfa4= ]z5/nN2+3SC$DSbEfZ#ɝ-BM]w$^E^d 80$܀1D@C_`ac7p̱~3PN! Qr݌V_`Qe$ZKeB7vm5^.b4!Kwp`h%vv !/_1 ];lU9`T^)_(:֙H}gp"L"&]|&:fz"K]H@mw҆ 9ffKfnNF"vy ax2uq8i&C߫ip,GheYﳣT$ރ v@oD1Y  wkO E5^KR-p5:DVKG, Ԩ)͊ɂl9˺\KJstz[bq.5hwVN18m'5Ov[=7j\%}K ;V*(t{x:7ΠB \BE>_:v Cp8Et\ܟbݱE`TuǁpE/aZ)!|^dQC0:4Ũw.x[$QcQvrFAåmTL32 3pY )a>*]iS'#ڟPu w@52F (Jm] ,PudpڏNޘYZa#\10G,"ߨkY ]U#X/s!!QneY$pw:U?&:6R, 4R`i{mBJm]h?khc>N/Cċk4ٸ:x42NOcbGTkŒ9e99K)wX/A=lf6FPn=tωD@R`!F.#AL \bxKwLE(dd$1@&7=n:'5gN b (7;LXFQE%]dSH 5kVL#+Ҙ,Bu[ 7s[ikKz\P3rj?g/)̉k~B6m>lu%>=rR.TͲݰN1g߃ޠsʱpD&!{|JBuP#]PZWG=[n> pPP[غi6{YxI$ki=͸V٦(OlRY2G׊n} 7BU-\!|&×3[!j×f jaN0V،󟎞lc7%8iCXv#H>@*y$p۠i4Мt2bo@mH*Xlkj7&rbb" 4K[q%]b U@h%d}Rk1`{M1v L.voYP{ .A Hb'nLn"Cnݢ"QlT39Lu%>";QsDL3em6. V9@|*""HBe*PBAc N3d٠!E"2@ڙ,Ґ~a*fA1.,{瞤L1zhfVJM#ɖ׺ꆟHOkpv\"۶SCUދυ\ŏ%uw?=D]w~C4_ڣ[ÇV<ƼTL@\Q5l QWҁt^HEZ*5D'7> »`\$CE` T,iЩb9EQ#:9`RX??@A?rO?w fVu=h`s+H0|"k`E9hc?xg7:Zl-+[. I&j¸:I>x{tx/v0H7B'Nd`'S m^{0m48!"F_X;-\"z Hj3 A9w=ā1Oݻi4DHлx$z> zZsಾ# TVGYT{A#QI@[Cv7Xѩ0f|[z 6} pVDS{3G*3E (@g@f'~%cPԱFqG':a+ԊlR0-;vSbuNpLQq}̌L%2T;RIQ>(*9= 1{$0@;M÷yqn'dS+:{ý`n% t p]؊J4剙6mw@T2 T-(Cm6lKl?f}#ʔmr95Gy e4fx|:wA-gd&&Ҧi|li j"fK c>wd;ȟŐK]O4X)'iJ4K3- 6RbRB0p91I(qdp\_e~"j̵ ^ 5O"yfmVT{jXh_Uh,f2%QW-@5<~ٕ0\Tت %§$$':S2XXC,v?y2ک=vW%4JL6.zpZ5M3{ѵp]ݡ1~Y4=ge]Z}$`"& k>yxW}H+ Rab]|4 m]O\qk=CS7B@@sB_qocoǦ eY[\6 -)}1B~ `ZEϒџkK2=Áh4ɩs` NfHiJP(V1JkrK@9V NTѮx0 \F=P&x-l|AKC$]M zi-)AQB/7\CC:آ'u7 A>ARl.m, .I&bz}| YmCD lõ:}"scL}KZ 4&Pΐydd JIvzZ1,[uSPZ&ևԬjMԵǢqyJE"[[ _8af5B щn=5PY5&MZ OT*K/}O_H-JކjKp@ zo&'mq@BSaFZ*o *Zgv!Sr'g;#&Ӊp4l7ujl$+9 ꩖E (;r wVO\fC'&y[*pt䀫6y E5j8B $r Q`  = H1LTy-i_d%HE luA?2<}&T+nYFBI2 "6EFW{W$!4d3wS!j*L΍jq0 f p&nױ잀. @dy.`֌Q^]1`]A;^hy aֳޅPPAbNkbķHr^w,E۞G['PN$D_%Zʹz /InSEt1ݡCTf1&@-ە ʺS] !Yb!9kBP%T:dJCMсYѐQ"9WY@~V琅El% Q`7}%bvk4E|@ V,+P0dH#h%H&>A҉xw Z|7\0L\?AM݇zAr#haHExv$ L56| nwIwE>\Bu+BI8ɞ+w3b^7j9"-K t7Uf&Gt'xYʗk[/4n퉗 nJo*@*}>EV[m86MgN MճsmeQj?R,9U2ZŜ&h<:(>rt.d]/HjpN3Y&iվHveX4|¦J4V nq8Y6*3&DܛH$A ,Ǘ(sudC8oȲpN)w; I2'kA]`ҍ!)폌l gܵk;AcqI-L$ϱIH%X{bM0^^"6NRΩoj-YIZp/S T-Įvs~Ր2F$yN{-Ŧ@%ODȓOQu*XpN yxcd$紁0w#I|b C!FSR1سgG< iH34[NX[g;C&j3HL,LxT;@@ K `ghԽP'3Ơ+^`5V)']zDvJ`b>tw:2FtQ0>G9?59=1!"0&@f=IH2$C!h󀻃YC!ѪH 5R)7.!@H(ꝝHP,YH)L4IK!?g N?a2|u%AxqVBJS1PЦuƥ!` JcL` rl0g#S 1+g b7D7tQ(r Wd^ؽh2wPXɞT/X :TiV0@HOQha"dqa=ӕ̠Bn*#Rʄ6С3 e5 ]u+p3S;- ]k r_ rhA)cd' pXA1\G#bt.7]+5pGXvqYC"䬦@d1ߚgOtJ? "d# hRcEt |=Տ"I~jOaAWue= K.vnjđٔl5 sV1U9I.(ZI#3at ]o(0f1ۊSC_jI\hrJj3"QTo"=vx.܎DnGI ENPM6ֵ-ɻ'8] nxL=>$SͨNKz#q]O6=Nj -̔x 7)Y Kuug[c b$&mMRe13bh\jD/ B,,MY9m[l}lRMЏGIx) 5zI"N,FjS*5,Nk\I,ݱd $$ZK*d(KRLJNISRٓs<)7ù1%$dxD,펻-qK]HYQ"+@XZ.{Ai$ԧQ٦J ChE%E8}A'Yize d M0]a+x,qZ$#-[0LE#m-Ɲۙ F F`W [7`w41REpE3[ʻlDHpnb5,e|zsհL ԰L]8I'n.Z+LB>C]#1IMF`uk8`Ki peWDStɖki#lP)͠i`8!;3g|O> ; '5[j/αt5ȁ!j(J)Cm S7K~iPiߘ^6XZr^brXCC7eU'G[b 6kc=/H퐱&LȤ 0@SU{<0R/25UR>h1EAl |ۖS] T"D  :d퉵fab|J. .S@ bTξL@Д$vJ8= |cFG.^L5[Ȧm!5Njώ㡟ڟJRj=@1 >c,JR`{!U.~3<ettth& f6pIDZ φKT ``Vd8@,a P>#T #Es&j'-4RLk!`vHCT1Lmup]34~1`6.f㉷m} RXeZV* %"bCc %WgQHΪ tW[2Nz ^:~@Y<9B7g:`jȞo6jCjARd_ڦu4~I#7G9*L1X.V::h7P] }OI͌םl,NI$MEvذkV䙪@4ZMfwT8O <-c1?{\964 t,_D{k2+Vz0d-.K1Yyq ^lw"O\A3~qANްtlBI6 cӃPnj}P_:y,% us\ 2&4v> !R3+s{r"s!|` hd ٞĔqZ$6ΦEmoXd'LE6M4(Y}t0A6b}ptYxfX~=oC1#â"I Tj]ҦR|cD欎I=^+8?"^yO iBS* `:> Ms9ٽ2Z`̓)!(v4`2w>!n[!'i*&8<<\,!MڹqJguҕg e( G;26ƣQpmB\g 8S<%~/[]!H?ƈش5mkmzJbus#)E1з,*ףb ]|\韦!䭌t&`Oo؁0%5)³Fp޵O7J!:8tє{z']JNL'؂e(O䗼fq蓦l,GB ȲC.-KvS זL9pF*tQcv6iY!TIq5!tRtyR{$% LlĚi&i׭e)A\*7.:2΀%`6;A"HTKXd3N 9nXS<5iǁn^ڵ/j6އlY$Iv1|9J=)cMj>*DN~(Fɢv llGƐ s)ilGhht*=2IdLJYxIa$gW4LI&a龻mD47<#|h*MyL%!6BQQe( HG 8wW;RO:RQ>vFr,/4 O$J gR[X8ZLfuxc6{Qs1kbјRbiG!QY~R$FonKNFBij=vb` B->=6HX #zqqSsTPZD%X/9 IBRX]ѽף$yDiR#]M_X WBjs/(֐d-LD4L'՟kL,V;g )DsnGH@اE' U9JKTR"H3/v&?*Țlnc(A5WK4UR[BtwXRQfRx r}ƕWx@Şq$NCrz#Ur*0Ħ$zi[:\mWARd\<,{\/n} VsBz%ؾvh[앵a@_8}h>#˨-hc8,fONagKk=-d採Sl rOTb&@!1C  4 8!Z$DfQ0 I}ZQ='$s43$L'D^A+f& ;ma<{˩oߡܷ?D,w' J/fu] Oԧy@=o$/{1aO \:mP(@ Hc8Qkg>93hrJ-S%aLndG?`A봭$Eg  vD:8ֹkuȬi8Yr$3Ń0)s9gb-jMzk Sڄ/mV=Z K_'ިUGؠHV!iO%N^ {/$%0+k,խQ<A0A0Cz7~H̒tkoIoa9\_i77^pT̛wJ1?ndp2W66Y1˥_B<4ev~5lnKK8tɼvb>])W Ew*Ɯ_fH^+[ADk0ߛk#ai8G>C3ྫྷJ//Ĝ[!IDukbq\ xщI"HgL.˥O7~}}0mqX:wV˥͕U. |ucs%~rz>wMF7 2+9t~͸^ ([?Z*chK ̛bn ?cWF'O.o2~'ToP12<[le^riy~K>~Ϛħ0 |?;Vu`Z %jP}YQabw%br|&|/W *֡Rͯ/K8[y])p \\R5\,*S{ŢY²Rv&'_6 aN}!'RX+P\ ? 56q.I*7+/T~{`¡Ypʵ'tbD [MٞHyCk z Р HZO6SຼȀurSwa(i6+v$2*"%i)>q#,qG<r܉őF-܊k@>S$ aűIuq-5{akܜz޲p=eU\Ձg0f-h-[faq5,^9elAku31uupŭ_Bpt*ve~-rٍ=9ay7Yq02>;çiDhz^%T*|l<|׸RB(Aۿp]j7 +!έ]k"{<*0kZ}Eپ#l?9=5 m@Fq=B!{o1XWְy7Jy Vg.۽ k=QMɔ*6yh1qqmp%}\PίW YeR .<$:kfw|G&gO k=003]âQX'riͼVZކ AkX,1u\q4SmW1%2aa(!=Kq/0jlfi2GMlj¥暩%su\ NCj4qT}Ut㯬N3 jxl](".Y*?K_-}2N? lǗ`83fqdi}et "%Hv6k#;7pBln7-NC!orcL]i|),iKbT\?B.4$$:#)Kf4S=XSlDZ]4fz4HH42DQ 6 >uYY63lql͔DzOj9z12S$`RH@x8BXɎٶRnnwϡd}\i8MxQ$@nּ#ص'hCYp<.2!xu$+d,[Πd oKc3ȃF!A%s._L6+aa s,u\\g,wiBjH٤mdj:7ᣛ~ H2Z0@Ov2d&F?[b|A% s</LɩduODq~0gq25!ux.}Mp6/ :8"R{64}s&١s4aݠheP6CXgMru@/CO=E>#Q.6H ӆv/F_wn